Integrating TEI and MEI

Authors: Seipelt, Agnes / Herold, Kristin / Mo, Ran / Friedl, Dennis

Date: Monday, 4 September 2023, 9:15am to 5:45pm

Location: HNI, Room F0.231 <hni:note>


It is a common situation to find music included in otherwise textual documents. These inclusions may range from individual musical symbols like single notes to full scores, bound as separate pages into a larger book. While these extreme cases are relatively straightforward to handle in an encoding, thanks to the availability of music fonts based on the SMuFL standard on one end, and the use of different files for the other, the middle ground seems much harder: a small melody sketched into a letter, a four-measure example printed into a book on music, etc. While the TEI offers the <tei:notatedMusic> element, by default it treats such music inclusions like images, providing a caption and links to images. In addition, the TEI Guidelines for this element also contain a note concluding with the remark that “it is also recommended, when useful, to embed XML-based music notation formats, such as the Music Encoding Initiative format as content of notatedMusic. This must be done by means of customization.” However, no example is given for such a customization, leaving the user alone with this task.

In this workshop, we will introduce examples of documents with mixed music/text content. We will encode these examples using a combination of MEI and TEI and will learn about how to validate this with a custom schema based on an ODD customization integrating both standards. Finally, we set up a small demo website that will render both TEI and MEI to HTML. Participants are expected to have some familiarity with at least one of TEI or MEI; the examples used will be simple enough to understand the encoding model of the other standard at sight. Some familiarity with the idea of ODD is certainly helpful, but intimate acknowledge of the technical details is not necessary.

This will be full day hands-on workshop, and the participants are expected to bring their own device, running a validating XML editor. In the workshop, XSLT stylesheets will be applied to XML documents. Instructors will use the Oxygen XML editor for this, which has a free evaluation period. Assistance on other products cannot be guaranteed.

About the authors

Dennis Friedl ( studied history and digital humanities at Paderborn University (UPB), where he specialised in digital scholarly editions. He now works in research data management at UPB and is responsible for the digital edition of the Erich Wolfgang Korngold Werkausgabe. He is a local organizer of the conference.

Kristin Herold ( studied musicology with minors in philosophy and economics at the TU Berlin. Research assistant at the Musikwissenschaftliches Seminar Detmold/Paderborn 2011-2016 in the DARIAH-DE project, 2012 freelancer for the digital Carl-Maria-von-Weber-Gesamtausgabe and 2016 research assistant in the Hoftheater Project. 2013-2016 Research assistant in the Sarti project at the UdK Berlin. 2016-2018 research assistant at the B. A. Zimmermann-Gesamtausgabe. Research assistant at the Musikwissenschaftliches Seminar Detmold/Paderborn 2018-2020 in the project Pasticcio. Ways of arranging attractive operas and since 2018 in the project Beethovens Werkstatt.

Ran Mo ( studied musicology at the Musikwissenschaftliches Seminar Detmold/Paderborn and the Paderborn University. She completed the master’s program in 2017 with a thesis on materiality issues in music editing using the example of engraving tools from the Schlesinger publishing house and developed methods and tools for dating and interpretation questions. From 2017 to 2019 she worked as a research assistant in the projects Beethovens Werkstatt, Carl Maria von Weber Gesamtausgabe, and Detmolder Hoftheater. Since 2019 she works at Beethovens Werkstatt.

Agnes Seipelt ( studied Musicology at the Musikwissenschaftliches Seminar Detmold/Paderborn and the Paderborn University. She completed the master’s program in 2017. From 2017 to 2019 she worked as a research assistant in the project Digital music analysis with MEI using the example of composition studies by Anton Bruckner in cooperation with the Austrian academy of sciences. Since 2019 she works as a research assistant at Beethovens Werkstatt.

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